Inflammation, Periodontal Disease, & Alzheimer’s Disease

Inflammation, Periodontal Disease, & Alzheimer’s Disease

Studies are establishing a causal relationship between inflammation, particularly that from periodontal disease and Alzheimer’s disease. As severity increases from gingivitis to periodontitis, the risk for Alzheimer’s disease rises. A study from 2005 on dementia in identical twins suggests that exposure to inflammation early in life can actually quadruple the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. In the USC study, researchers examined data for 10,000 sets of twin enrolled in the Swedish Twin Registry. About 40 years ago, participants in the registry completed questionnaires that included detailed dental data. The USC team found 109 instances where one twin was diagnosed with dementia and the other wasn’t. Those with AD were four times more likely to have developed periodontal disease in middle age compared to their twins. A 7-year study of 100,000 people also found that dental cleanings were associated with 13% less stroke risk.

Preventing gum disease begins with brushing and flossing daily. While this may not actually prevent AD, it does reduce the inflammation that is a major risk in Alzheimer’s.

Source: Inflammation linked to Alzheimer’s disease. J Am Dent Assoc. 2005;136:1084-a

A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words

A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words

The dental profession has been around in one form or another for thousands of years yet it arguably has seen its greatest advances in the last 50 years, technologically, in the last 25, with advances in scientific research, dental materials, and techniques. However, similar to other health care fields, as well as industrial and manufacturing sectors, dentistry has benefited from borrowing new and emerging technologies from other areas for its’ advancement.

One such example is the use of photography in dentistry. Surprising to most people, successful dentistry is actually made up of a complex myriad of factors that the dental team must consider when treating a patient. In addition to the teeth, there are hard tissues like the jawbones, and jaw joints; there are soft tissues such as the gums, lips, tongue, cheeks and throat. There are the muscles and lymph nodes and glands.
A person’s smile is a combination of all of these parts working together. In addition to this, the tooth form and function, shape, position, arrangement, alignment, texture, translucency, reflectivity, comfort are all factors to consider.
When discussing dental concerns with a patient, there are invariably several different treatment options that can be explored and explained each with their own costs, risks and benefits, however, it is easy for the details of each to become lost in translation. With all of the advancements in dental materials, it is now imperative that patients are able to fully understand what modern dentistry is able to achieve, keeping in mind the patient’s own unique circumstances.
The use of both extraoral and intraoral cameras has proven invaluable in the last quarter century. The term ‘co-diagnosis’ has emerged that basically means, by looking at digital photographs, both the patient and dental provider can evaluate and discuss healthy versus diseased tissues or irregularities and deviations from the accepted norm. Pictures can be used along with pertinent dialogue to educate the patient as to what conditions may be present, what treatment options exist and could look like, as well as what possible outcomes that could be expected without proper care.
Before and after photos are also an excellent marketing tool that enables the dental team to showcase their collective skills as experienced by other patients in the dental practice.
Other benefits of the use of dental photography include communication with dental and lab specialists, for more complex cases, as well as aiding dental insurance providers in approving predetermination claims thereby speeding up and streamlining treatment acceptance for patients and reimbursement for dental fees charged.
They say ‘a picture is worth a thousand words’ and it has never been more accurate when describing the field of dentistry.

Dr. Trevor Onishenko



Every day, our tooth enamel loses minerals when our teeth are exposed to acids such as sugar and plaque. Loss of these minerals causes our teeth to weaken and become prone to decay. One way we can help strengthen and re-mineralize our enamel is through the use of fluoride. Fluoride is a mineral that naturally occurs in many foods and water and makes the tooth more resistant to acid attacks. In children under 6 years of age, fluoride becomes incorporated into the development of teeth, making it difficult for acids to weaken the teeth. Adults also benefit from fluoride. New research indicates that topical fluoride (from toothpastes, mouth rinses, and fluoride treatments) are important in fighting tooth decay in adults. In addition, people with certain conditions such as:
• Dry mouth
• Gum recession
• History of frequent cavities
• Presence of crowns, bridges or brace

Are at a higher risk for tooth decay and should incorporate a regular fluoride treatment into their home care routine.


Source: Web MD/Oral Health



It may be surprising to know that the benefits of straight teeth are more then just having a beautiful smile. By properly aligning your teeth, you can significantly improve your oral health. Gingivitis (swollen, red, bleeding gums) can often be the result of crowded or mal-aligned teeth. When teeth are properly aligned, they are much easier to keep clean resulting in healthy firm fitting gums around the teeth. Orthodontics (including invisalign) effectively address alignment issues giving you the confidence of not only a beautiful smile, but a healthy smile!


Source: Invisalign

Lasers in Dental Hygiene

Lasers in Dental Hygiene

Modern technology has changed the way we live. Everyday, our lives are impacted by new and improved products and services. Dentistry is no exception. There have been many new and exciting breakthroughs in dental-laser technology, which have given dental professionals the ability to offer patients alternative options to recommended treatment. One of the BEST benefits of dental lasers is their ability to reduce and even kill bacteria! Did you know approximately 560,000 bacterium could potentially live on a surface the size of a pinhead! Keeping this in mind imagine how much bacteria are living in the pockets around your teeth! As, not all of this oral bacteria is ‘bad’, dental lasers will seek out and reduce/ kill only the dark pigmented bacteria (bad bacteria) which is involved with inflammation (gum disease) leaving the ‘good’ bacteria alone. The ‘bad’ bacteria not only cause gum disease, but have been linked to heart problems, diabetes and other serious illnesses. Using laser technology in conjunction with other therapies will help to reduce ‘bad’ bacteria and enhance both oral and overall health and well-being.


Source: Health/Diseases

Oral Cancer

Oral Cancer

Each year, more than 3000 Canadians are diagnosed with Oral Cancer. Most oral cancers (cancer of the mouth, lips, tongue, or throat) begin in the tongue or floor of the mouth. As, approximately 1000 Canadians die from these forms of cancer each year, early detection is key and can make all the difference when it comes to surviving the disease.

Oftentimes individuals ignore potential signs or symptoms such as:
• white or dark red patches
• lumps/ bumps (or other changes in texture)
• abnormal bleeding
• difficulty swallowing
• changes in taste

Even if you are aware of these signs and symptoms, it can be difficult to detect oral cancer on your own. For this reason, regular visits to the dentist are imperative as dentists and hygienists are trained to detect oral cancer in its early stages. At K&H dental we include the Velscope as a fundamental component to our comprehensive oral cancer examination. The Velscope helps dentists identify abnormal tissues including cancerous and pre-cancerous lesions that otherwise might not be detected by the naked eye. It is safe, painless and takes less then 3 minutes.


Source: Medicine Net/The Spectator

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Do you have High Blood Pressure...Do You Snore… Are you DUE for a Dental Check Up?

Did you know that…about 18 million North Americans experience signs or symptoms of oxygen deprivation/sleep apnea!
As, the vast majority of the population visits the dentist about once every 6 months, incorporating a screening for sleep apnea has become an essential component of the dental examination. A dentist can detect the less evident symptoms of sleep apnea through a candid conversation and a thorough examination of the head and neck area.

Oxygen deprivation/ sleep apnea occurs when the throat muscles relax, resulting in shallow breathing, snoring and even episodes when breathing stops completely. This lack of quality breathing can occur up to hundreds of times a night, causing a significant decrease of oxygen in the blood which forces the heart to pump harder and ultimately increases blood pressure.

As sleep apnea is often a silent condition that goes undiagnosed for many years, it is important to maintain an open and honest dialog with health care professionals to ensure that conditions can be identified and properly treated.


Source: Mayo Clinic Website



Do you know the most common reason children have day surgery… UNHEALTHY TEETH! About 19,000 children aged 1-5 end up in hospital each year due to tooth decay so severe it requires surgical treatment. These children are under anesthesia for an average of 86 minutes having teeth filled and extracted. These alarming findings have raised a red flag of concern and have reinforced the need for prevention and early access to dental care. Severe dental problems are not only painful but have the potential to affect a child’s self-esteem and quality of life.


Source: National Post

Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Did you know that the average Canadian life expectancy is approximately 82 years old! And, about 7 of every 10 Canadians will develop gum disease to some degree or another throughout their lifetime!

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that not only compromises oral health, but overall health and wellbeing.
In the early stages of gum disease the signs and symptoms are quite often painless, allowing the condition to progress subtly with very few warning signs, and in some instances only affect a few teeth (such as molars).

As our life expectancy continues to increase, early diagnosis and prevention are KEY factors to ensure we keep our teeth functionally and esthetically, sound for the duration of our life!


How to Floss

How to Floss

What is the Right Way to Floss?

Proper flossing removes plaque and food particles in places where a toothbrush cannot easily reach — under the gumline and between your teeth. Because plaque build-up can lead to tooth decay and gum disease, daily flossing is highly recommended.

To receive maximum benefits from flossing, use the following proper technique:

  • Starting with about 18 inches of floss, wind most of the floss around each middle finger, leaving an inch or two of floss to work with
  • Holding the floss tautly between your thumbs and index fingers, slide it gently up-and-down between your teeth
  • Gently curve the floss around the base of each tooth, making sure you go beneath the gumline. Never snap or force the floss, as this may cut or bruise delicate gum tissue
  • Use clean sections of floss as you move from tooth to tooth
  • To remove the floss, use the same back-and-forth motion to bring the floss up and away from the teeth

What Type of Floss Should I Use?

There are two types of floss from which to choose:

  • Nylon (or multifilament) floss
  • PTFE (monofilament) floss

Nylon floss is available waxed and unwaxed, and in a variety of flavors. Because this type of floss is composed of many strands of nylon, it may sometimes tear or shred, especially between teeth with tight contact points. While more expensive, single filament (PTFE) floss slides easily between teeth, even those with tight spaces between teeth, and is virtually shred-resistant. When used properly, both types of floss are excellent at removing plaque and debris.


Use about 18" of floss, leaving an inch or two to work with.

Gently follow the curves of your teeth.

Be sure to clean beneath the gumline, but avoid snapping the floss on the gums.


The Importance of Flouride

Fluoride and Your Child

Fluoride is a mineral found in soil, water (both fresh and salt) and various foods. It has a positive effect on oral health by making teeth more resistant to decay. Fluoride can also prevent or even reverse tooth decay that has started.

Fluorides are used by communities as a public health measure to adjust the concentration of fluoride in drinking water to an optimum level (community water fluoridation); by individuals in the form of toothpastes, rinses, lozenges, chewable tablets, drops; and by the dental profession in the professional application of gels, foams and varnishes.

The availability of fluorides from a variety of sources must be taken into account before embarking on a specific course of fluoride delivery. This is particularly important for children under the age of 6, where exposure to more fluoride than is required to simply prevent dental caries can cause dental fluorosis. Provided that the total daily intake of fluoride is carefully monitored, fluoride is considered to be a most important health measure in maintaining oral health.

Your dentist is able to assess your child's risk of developing tooth decay and advise you of an appropriate level of fluoride protection.

kid brushing teeth

We Have a New Laser to Offer You a More Comfortable Treatment.

We Have a New Laser to Offer You a More Comfortable Treatment

We have been using lasers in our practice for 20 years. The technology has advanced and so to has our practice. With the use of the Waterlase MD™ we do many procedures such as fillings without any freezing. Kids love it and so do their parents. We are always striving to create the best possible experience for our clients.

Many procedures performed with the Waterlase MD™ do not require injections, reducing patient fear and anxiety by creating a more gentle and relaxing atmosphere. Patients typically experience less bleeding, swelling and post-op discomfort. Procedures that once took several appointments to complete, such as restorations in multiple quadrants, can now be finished in just one visit. The Waterlase MD™ also creates a better bonding surface for restorations.

April is National Oral Health Month

CDA's National Oral Health Month™ Campaign

Although the mouth is part of the body, we often think of it as something separate. We often ignore bleeding or tender gums, while an irritation or pain elsewhere in the body would mean a trip to the doctor.

Poor oral health can affect a person's quality of life. Oral pain, missing teeth or oral infections can influence the way a person speaks, eats and socializes. These oral health problems can reduce a person's quality of life by affecting their physical, mental and social well-being.

The reality is that oral health problems could be a sign of something serious such as oral cancer. Every year approximately 3,200 Canadians are diagnosed with oral cancer and 1,050 deaths from oral cancer occur. This devastating disease has a low survival rate because it is often diagnosed very late. With early detection the survival rate of oral cancer can be greatly improved. This means going to your dentist for regular dental exams. Your dentist has the training and experience to detect oral cancer early.

Everything that happens in your mouth affects your whole body, which is why it is so important to visit your dentist regularly. Only your dentist has the training, skills and expertise to properly address all your oral health care needs. Regular dental exams help prevent small problems from getting worse.

Come by our website and book an appointment and keep on smiling!

Don't forget to check us out on facebook.

You're Never Too Old for Invisalign

It's the Clearly Beautiful Way to Straighten your Teeth—at any Age

Like many adults, you might feel that your teeth aren't as straight and healthy-looking as you wish they were. You may have worn braces as a teenager, but because you stopped wearing your retainer at some point, your teeth have relapsed over time. So now they're a little crooked—doctors call this "malocclusion." It's a very common problem among adults.

You've probably seen ads for Invisalign aligners—the clear way to straighten teeth and create a healthy smile. It's safe, easy, and relatively quick—the average treatment lasts about one year. And, because the aligners are virtually clear, almost no one can tell you're in treatment unless you tell them. By using a series of clear, removable aligners, Invisalign straightens your teeth right before your eyes. Change the aligners about every two weeks and your teeth will move, little by little, toward the smile you've always wanted–one that everyone can see!

Invisalign aligners are comfortable to wear, and don't require you to change your busy lifestyle. You will visit our office every month or two to check your progress and get a new set of aligners. Because the aligners are removable, you can continue to eat your favorite foods while brushing and flossing normally to keep your teeth and gums healthy.

Be one of the many patients K&H Dental Centre has treated who now have straight, healthy teeth. Talk to one of our doctors about Invisalign today. Our office will be happy to work with you on all of the insurance and financial details.

Call us today at 403-253-6602 for a free consultation. With Invisalign, there's no reason to put straight, healthy, youthful teeth off another day.

5 Steps to Good Oral Health

5 Steps to Good Oral Health

Most of us realize that diet and exercise play an important part in keeping us healthy. But did you know that a healthy mouth is also an important part of a healthy body?

Poor oral health can affect a person's quality of life. Oral pain, missing teeth or oral infections can influence the way a person speaks, eats and socializes. These oral health problems can reduce a person's quality of life by affecting their physical, mental and social well-being.

Oral disease, like any other disease, needs to be treated. A chronic infection, including one in the mouth, is a serious problem that should not be ignored. Yet bleeding or tender gums are often overlooked.

Research has shown there is an association between oral disease and other health problems such as diabetes, heart disease and stroke, as well as pre-term and low-birth-weight babies. Although researchers are just beginning to understand this relationship, evidence shows that oral disease can aggravate other health problems and that keeping a healthy mouth is an important part of leading a healthy life.

As part of a healthy lifestyle and to help reduce the risk of oral disease, follow these 5 steps to good oral health.

1. See Your Dentist Regularly

Regular dental exams and professional cleanings are the best way to prevent problems or to stop small problems from getting worse.
Your dentist will look for signs of oral disease. Oral diseases often go unnoticed and may lead to or be a sign of serious health problems in other parts of the body.
Only your dentist has the training, skill and expertise to diagnose and treat oral health diseases and to meet all your oral health care needs.

2. Keep Your Mouth Clean

Brush your teeth and tongue at least twice a day with a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste to remove plaque and bacteria that cause cavities and periodontal disease (gum disease).
Floss every day. If you don't floss, you are missing more than a third of your tooth surface.
Your dentist may also recommend that you use a fluoride or antimicrobial mouthrinse to help prevent cavities or gum disease.
When choosing oral care products, look for the Canadian Dental Association (CDA) Seal of Recognition. Oral care products that have earned the Seal of Recognition have been reviewed by CDA and will effectively contribute to your oral health.

3. Eat, Drink, but be Wary

Healthy food is good for your general health and your oral health. The nutrients that come from healthy foods help you to fight cavities and gum disease.
Limit how much and how often you consume foods and beverages that contain sugar. Sugar is one of the main causes of dental problems.
Limit your consumption of foods and beverages that are high in acid. The acid may play a part in causing dental erosion.

4. Check Your Mouth Regularly

Look for warning signs of periodontal disease (gum disease) such as red, shiny, puffy, sore or sensitive gums; bleeding when you brush or floss; or bad breath that won't go away. Gum disease is one of the main reasons why adults lose their teeth.
Look for warning signs of oral cancer. The 3 most common sites for oral cancer are the sides and bottom of your tongue and the floor of your mouth. The warning signs include:

bleeding that you can't explain,
open sores that don't heal within 7 to 10 days,
white or red patches,
numbness or tingling,
small lumps and thickening on the sides or bottom of your tongue,the floor or roof of your mouth, the inside of your cheeks or on your gums.

Look for warning signs of tooth decay. The possible warning signs include teeth that are sensitive to hot, cold, sweetness or pressure.
Report any of these warning signs to your dentist.

5. Avoid all Tobacco Products

Stained and missing teeth, infected gums and bad breath are just some of the ways smoking can affect your oral health. Besides ruining your smile, smoking can cause oral cancer, heart disease and a variety of other cancers, all of which can kill you.
All forms of tobacco are dangerous to your oral health and your overall health, not just cigarettes. Smokeless tobacco such as chewing tobacco, snuff and snus can cause mouth, tongue and lip cancer and can be more addictive than cigarettes.
If you use tobacco products, ask your dentist and your family doctor for advice on how to quit.
If you take care of your teeth and gums at home and visit your dentist regularly, your smile should last you a lifetime. You and your dentist are partners in keeping your oral health good for life.

Maintaining Your Kids Oral Health at Every Stage

Maintaining Your Kids Oral Health at Every Stage

Oral Care Tips Stage 1 (4-24 months)

  • To prevent the buildup of plaque, a soft, sticky bacteria containing deposits that accumulate on teeth and cause tooth decay, parents should begin by regularly cleaning their newborn baby's gums with a damp washcloth after all feedings (breast or bottle).
  • When a child's first tooth appears, parents should brush their child's teeth for two minutes twice a day and switch to a child-sized, soft-bristled toothbrush with a cushioned head, and a pea-sized dab of non-fluoridated toothpaste.
  • Oral-B Stage 1 toothbrush features baby-soft bristles and a brush head that covers large surfaces and gently massages the gums.
  • Parents should ask their pediatrician about when their child should visit the dentist, but a good rule of thumb is: "First visit by first birthday." Additional visits should be scheduled every six months to ensure proper tooth development.

Oral Care Tips Stage 2 (2-4 years)

  • Children two and older should use fluoridated toothpaste to help prevent decay as their teeth continue to develop.
  • Oral-B Stages toothpaste provides effective cavity protection in a kid-tested, mild formula gel and it comes in fun flavors that kids love.
  • Supervise your child's brushing until good habits are established. It is recommended that you spend two minutes brushing teeth, focusing on the teeth that conduct most of the chewing and back teeth, where cavities often first develop. I know that cleaning teeth may seem like a drag to some kids, so here are a few ideas to help make brushing fun for them:
  • Use a toothbrush, like Oral-B Stages 2, that is designed to appeal to a toddler who is learning to brush and whose baby teeth are growing in. This brush is designed to effectively reach all teeth, with its narrow head, simple bristle pattern and a Power Tip.
  • Brush your teeth with your child to set a good example. This will help your child learn by watching and imitating you.
  • Sing your child's favorite song, like "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star," or play a song from their favorite singer, like Miley Cyrus, for the two minutes that they are brushing their teeth.
  • Recite your child's favorite nursery rhyme, like the "Itsy Bitsy Spider," while they are brushing their teeth.
  • For children two and older, parents need to be aware of the impact that nutrition and eating/drinking habits have on oral health as well as overall health. Parents can promote healthy habits by limiting sugary drinks, getting rid of the bottle and/or sippy cup and offering healthier meal and snack options.

Oral Care Tips Stage 3 (5-7 years)

  • Children five and older are starting to get their permanent molars, so it's important to use a fluoridated toothpaste and toothbrush.
  • Oral-B Stage 3 toothbrush is designed to brush those permanent molars, and is sensitive to the tender areas where baby teeth are lost. This brush features cup-shaped bristles that surround each tooth and a Power Tip that easily reaches around and behind back teeth.
  • Children five and older are starting to get their permanent molars, so it's important to use a fluoridated toothpaste and toothbrush.
  • Oral-B Stage 3 toothbrush is designed to brush those permanent molars, and is sensitive to the tender areas where baby teeth are lost. This brush features cup-shaped bristles that surround each tooth and a Power Tip that easily reaches around and behind back teeth.

Oral Care Tips Stage 4 (8+ years)

  • Children eight and older should use a fluoridated toothpaste and toothbrush that is designed for a complex mixture of different-sized permanent and baby teeth.
  • Oral-B Stage 4 toothbrush features a combination of criss-cross bristles for cleaning, massaging bristles for sensitive gaps and a Power Tip to effectively reach and clean back teeth.

Meet K&H Dental

Meet K&H Dental

Our exceptionally friendly team is one of our greatest assets. They are excited about what they are doing, have high standards of quality and integrity, and are motivated to achieve the best result they possibly can for our patients. All of our dental assistants and hygienists are certified and licensed professionals with many hours of ongoing training. Our front desk staff is available and happy to help with insurance questions and claims filing. They are devoted to your needs and to making your dental experience with us a most pleasant one. We pride ourselves in our knowledge base through continuing education, staying current technically, and patient communication. Feedback from our patients about their experience in our office is always welcome. Our diverse team brings an international spectrum speaking English, Thai, Mandarin, Spanish, German, Farsi, and French.

There's a good reason 100 people a day visit our practice! Actually there's 30 good reasons – our friendly devoted team.

Visit your Calgary Family Dentist team today.